This handbook has been replaced by a newer version and is not maintained anymore.
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Gentoo Linux 2005.0 x86 Handbook
In this part you learn how to install Gentoo on your system.
About the Gentoo Linux Installation
Users not familiar with Gentoo do not always know that choice is what
Gentoo is all about.
Booting the Universal Installation CD
Using our Universal Installation CD you can boot up your system into a running
environment that allows you to install Gentoo.
Configuring your Network
If you need networking, this is the place where the network (and Internet
connection) is configured.
Preparing the Disks
To be able to install Gentoo, you must create the necessary partitions.
This chapter describes how to partition a disk for future usage.
Installing the Gentoo Installation Files
In this chapter we describe how you extract a stage3 file and
how to configure Portage.
Chrooting into the Gentoo Base System
Now that the stage3 file is extracted, we chroot into the new system and
modify the USE variable.
Configuring the Kernel
The Linux kernel is the core of every distribution. This chapter
explains how to configure your kernel.
Configuring your System
You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
Installing Necessary System Tools
As mentioned before, Gentoo is about choices. In this chapter we help you
choose and install some important tools.
Configuring the Bootloader
Several bootloaders exist for the x86 architecture. Each one of them has its
own way of configuration. We step you through the process of configuring a
bootloader to your needs.
Finalizing your Gentoo Installation
You're almost done. We'll just create one (or more) users for your
system and (optionally) install prebuilt packages.
Where to go from here?
Now you have your Gentoo system, but what's next?
Working with Gentoo
Learn how to work with Gentoo: installing software, altering variables, changing
Portage behaviour etc.
A Portage Introduction
This chapter explains the "simple" steps a user definitely needs to know to
maintain the software on his system.
USE-flags are a very important aspect of Gentoo. In this chapter, you learn to
work with USE-flags and understand how USE-flags interact with your system.
Discover the features Portage has, such as support for distributed compiling,
ccache and more.
Gentoo uses a special initscript format which, amongst other features, allows
dependency-driven decisions and virtual initscripts. This chapter explains all
these aspects and explains how to deal with these scripts.
With Gentoo you can easily manage the environment variables for your system.
This chapter explains how you do that, and also describes frequently used
Working with Portage
"Working with Portage" provides an in-depth coverage of Portage, Gentoo's
Software Management Tool.
Files and Directories
Once you want to know Portage in-depth you need to know where it stores its
files and data.
Configuring through Variables
Portage is completely configurable through various variables you can set in the
configuration file or as environment variable.
Mixing Software Branches
Gentoo provides software separated in several branches, depending on stability
and architectural support. "Mixing Software Branches" inform you how these
branches can be configured and how you can override this separation
Additional Portage Tools
Portage comes with a few extra tools that might make your Gentoo experience even
better. Read on to discover how to use dispatch-conf and other tools.
Diverting from the Official Tree
"Diverting from the Official Tree" gives you some tips and tricks on how to use
your own Portage tree, how to synchronise only the categories you want, inject
packages and more.
The Ebuild Application
In "The Ebuild Application" you are informed about the steps Portage takes while
installing software and how you can do this yourself using the ebuild
Gentoo Network Configuration
A comprehensive guide to Networking in Gentoo.
A guide to quickly get your network interface up and running in most common
Here we learn about how the configuration works - you need to know this
before we learn about modular networking.
Gentoo provides you flexible networking - here you are told about choosing
different DHCP clients, setting up bonding, bridging, VLANs and more.
Wireless isn't straight-forward. Hopefully we'll get you working!
If you're feeling adventurous, you can add your own functions to networking.
For laptop users or people who move their computer around different networks.
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The contents of this document, unless otherwise expressly stated, are licensed under the CC-BY-SA-2.5 license. The Gentoo Name and Logo Usage Guidelines apply.