This handbook has been replaced by a newer version and is not maintained anymore.
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4. Using the Dialog based Gentoo Linux Installer
Before you begin
After you boot the Gentoo Linux Installer LiveCD, it will attempt to load a
graphical desktop. If it is unable to do so, it will instead display a command
line prompt. To launch the installer, simply type:
Code Listing 1.1: Start the installer
Once the installer has finished loading, you will be greeted by the welcome
screen. It provides a friendly introduction to the process of installing Gentoo
on your computer. Remember to read each option carefully. There is detailed
help available for each step of installation at the top of the screen. We
recommend that you always read the help provided before making your choices.
Note that at any time during the installation process, you can save your
configuration progress in case you need to resume your installation at a later
time. Use the Tab key (on your keyboard) to move around the menus within
a screen and the Enter key to confirm an action.
There are two types of installation modes available, Standard and
Advanced. The first mode will set a number of options without requiring
your intervention, while the second mode will require you to make several more
choices during installation.
If you choose Standard, skip ahead to Partitioning. Otherwise, continue reading.
4.b. Advanced: Preinstallation Configuration
Manual Network Configuration
Even though you will be installing without a connection to the internet, you
can manually set up connections to your local area network (LAN), in case you
want to install Gentoo from another machine on your LAN.
If you wish to enable SSH access to the machine (for remote installation), you
can start sshd and specify a root password.
Load Additional Kernel Modules
If you need to load more kernel modules to support your hardware, enter their
names, each separated by a space.
Preparing the disks
In order to install Gentoo on your machine, you will need to prepare your
disks. The Partitioning screen will show you a list of detected disks and
allow you to specify the filesystems you would like to have on your
partitions. Selecting Clear partitions will erase all previous partitions on
your disk, so be careful with this option!
If you choose to go with the Recommended layout, the installer will
create three partitions: 100MB for /boot, a /swap
partition up to 512MB in size, and the rest of the available space on the disk
is used for /, the root partition.
As with any partitioning application, you should backup your system before
making changes to your partition table, as any possible bugs could cause data
4.d. System Configuration
Since you are performing a GRP/networkless install, you must select
Networkless, then continue with the installation.
Study the list and select the region closest to your actual location.
On this screen, you will be able to configure the various network interface
devices detected on your computer. Read the available options carefully.
The next screen gives you a choice between DHCP and manual IP address
configuration. Once your network interface is properly configured, you will
need to create a hostname for your system. Optionally, you may specify a
domainname and any DNS server information needed.
This screen allows to you choose your bootloader (grub, or no
bootloader). Next, select your boot device and (optionally) specify any
additional boot options.
Users and groups
First set the root password for the system administrator (the root
We strongly recommend that you create a regular user for daily work.
Working as root all the time is dangerous and should be avoided! Create
your users, set their passwords, and add them to the appropriate groups. You can
optionally change their home directories and select their login shell.
The LiveCD contains a number of available pre-built packages. If you wish to
install any of them, check the appropriate box.
This screen allows you to choose various services to load at system boot. Study
the available options and their descriptions carefully, and then select your
desired services. For example, if you have chosen to install xorg-x11
and want to boot straight into a graphical desktop, then you would select
"xdm" from the list.
If you chose to perform an Advanced installation, you now will be able to
change various settings, including keyboard layout, graphical display manager,
the default editor, and whether to set your hardware clock to UTC or local
4.e. Finishing Up
The installer will ask if you want to save your installation profile for
later use. The installer will alert you when it has finished. It will then
return you to the command prompt. All you need to do to reboot is type:
Code Listing 5.1: Rebooting
# shutdown -r now
Congratulations, your system is now fully equipped! Continue with Where to go from here? to learn more about
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