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1. About the Gentoo Linux Installation

1.a. Introduction

Welcome!

First of all, welcome to Gentoo. You are about to enter the world of choices and performance. Gentoo is all about choices. When installing Gentoo, this is made clear to you several times -- you can choose how much you want to compile yourself, how to install Gentoo, what system logger you want, etc.

Gentoo is a fast, modern metadistribution with a clean and flexible design. Gentoo is built around free software and doesn't hide from its users what is beneath the hood. Portage, the package maintenance system which Gentoo uses, is written in Python, meaning you can easily view and modify the source code. Gentoo's packaging system uses source code (although support for precompiled packages is included too) and configuring Gentoo happens through regular textfiles. In other words, openness everywhere.

It is very important that you understand that choices are what makes Gentoo run. We try not to force you onto anything you don't like. If you feel like we do, please bugreport it.

How is the Installation Structured?

The Gentoo Installation can be seen as a 10-step procedure, corresponding to chapters 2 - 11. Every step results in a certain state:

  • After step 1, you are in a working environment ready to install Gentoo
  • After step 2, your internet connection is ready to install Gentoo
  • After step 3, your hard disks are initialized to house your Gentoo installation
  • After step 4, your installation environment is prepared and you are ready to chroot into the new environment
  • After step 5, core packages, which are the same on all Gentoo installations, are installed
  • After step 6, you have compiled your Linux kernel
  • After step 7, you have written most of your Gentoo system configuration files
  • After step 8, necessary system tools (which you can choose from a nice list) are installed
  • After step 9, your choice of bootloader has been installed and configured and you are logged in into your new Gentoo installation
  • After step 10, your Gentoo Linux environment is ready to be explored

When you are given a certain choice, we try our best to explain what the pros and cons are. We will continue then with a default choice, identified by "Default: " in the title. The other possibilities are marked by "Alternative: ". Do not think that the default is what we recommend. It is however what we believe most users will use.

Sometimes you can pursue an optional step. Such steps are marked as "Optional: " and are therefore not needed to install Gentoo. However, some optional steps are dependent on a previous decision you made. We will inform you when this happens, both when you make the decision, and right before the optional step is described.

What are my Options?

You can install Gentoo in many different ways. You can download and install from one of our Installation CDs, from a distribution already installed, from a non-Gentoo bootable CD (such as Knoppix), from a netbooted environment, from a rescue floppy, etc.

This document covers the installation using a Gentoo Installation CD or, in certain cases, netbooting. This installation assumes that you want to install the latest available version of each package.

Note: For help on the other installation approaches, including using non-Gentoo CDs, please read our Alternative Installation Guide.

We also provide a Gentoo Installation Tips & Tricks document that might be useful to read as well.

Troubles?

If you find a problem in the installation (or in the installation documentation), please visit our bugtracking system and check if the bug is known. If not, please create a bugreport for it so we can take care of it. Do not be afraid of the developers who are assigned to (your) bugs -- they generally don't eat people.

Note though that, although the document you are now reading is architecture-specific, it might contain references to other architectures as well. This is due to the fact that large parts of the Gentoo Handbook use source code that is common for all architectures (to avoid duplication of efforts and starvation of development resources). We will try to keep this to a minimum to avoid confusion.

If you are uncertain if the problem is a user-problem (some error you made despite having read the documentation carefully) or a software-problem (some error we made despite having tested the installation/documentation carefully) you are welcome to join #gentoo on irc.freenode.net. Of course, you are welcome otherwise too as our chat channel covers the broad Gentoo spectrum :)

Speaking of which, if you have a question regarding Gentoo, check out our Frequently Asked Questions, available from the Gentoo Wiki. You can also view the FAQs on our forums.


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Page updated August 17, 2014

Summary: This chapter introduces you to the installation approach documented in this handbook.

Sven Vermeulen
Author

Grant Goodyear
Author

Roy Marples
Author

Daniel Robbins
Author

Chris Houser
Author

Jerry Alexandratos
Author

Seemant Kulleen
Gentoo x86 Developer

Tavis Ormandy
Gentoo Alpha Developer

Jason Huebel
Gentoo AMD64 Developer

Guy Martin
Gentoo HPPA developer

Pieter Van den Abeele
Gentoo PPC developer

Joe Kallar
Gentoo SPARC developer

John P. Davis
Editor

Pierre-Henri Jondot
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Eric Stockbridge
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Rajiv Manglani
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Jungmin Seo
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Stoyan Zhekov
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Jared Hudson
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Colin Morey
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Jorge Paulo
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Carl Anderson
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Jon Portnoy
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Zack Gilburd
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Jack Morgan
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Benny Chuang
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Erwin
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Joshua Kinard
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Xavier Neys
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Joshua Saddler
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Gerald J. Normandin Jr.
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Donnie Berkholz
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Ken Nowack
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Lars Weiler
Contributor

Tobias Scherbaum
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