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1.  文章

我们的开发者曾经为Linux社区写过的一些文章。为了方便您阅读,我们重新发布了它们。

2.  已发表文章

Gentoo文章

Gentoo的前世今生,第一部: 我们每个人都会有一个有关linux的经历的故事。这是Daniel的故事。在这最初的三篇文章中,他告诉了我们他是如何成为一个Stampede Linux的开发者,又是为了什么事而离开Stampede并开始制作他自己的、名为Enoch的这样一个发行版的故事。

Making the distribution, Part 2 ¹: In his previous article, Daniel Robbins told the story of how he became a Stampede Linux developer and why he eventually left Stampede to start the Enoch Linux distribution. In this go-round he lets you in on the strange events that happened after the Enoch development team discovered a little-known, blazingly fast compiler.

Making the distribution, Part 3 ¹: This article concludes his story -- about how he ended up creating his own distribution called Gentoo Linux. He wraps up the series by telling how he left the Linux world to move to FreeBSD, and then came back to the Linux world, restarting Gentoo Linux development with a fresh perspective. In addition to comparing Linux and FreeBSD in a number of areas, he also describe current Gentoo Linux development progress and share a future vision for the distribution.

学习Linux的文章

Bash示例,第一部分: 通过学习如何运用bash脚本语言进行编程,你每天和linux的交互将变的更有意思和有生产力,同时你也将能够构建那些你所知和喜欢的标准UNIX概念(诸如管道和重定向)。在这三部分的系列中,Daniel Robbins将教你如何通过bash例程进行编程。他将讲述非常基本的内容(这使它成为入门者优秀的系列)并在后续的系列中引入更加高级的特征。

Bash示例,第二部分: 在他那篇关于bash的介绍性的文章中,Daniel Robbins描述了脚本语言的一些基本概念和使用bash的原因。在本篇中,即第二部分,Daniel接着前面的讲述继续讨论bash的诸如条件(if-then)语句,循环语句等等bash的基本结构。

Bash by example, Part 3 ¹: In his final Bash by example article, Daniel Robbins takes a good look at the Gentoo Linux ebuild system, an excellent example of the power of bash. Step by step, he shows you how the ebuild system was implemented, and touches on many handy bash techniques and design strategies. By the end of the article, you'll have a good grasp of what's involved in producing a full-blown bash-based application, as well as a start at coding your own auto-build system.

LPI certification 101 (release 2) exam prep, Part 1 ¹: In this tutorial, we'll introduce you to bash (the standard Linux shell), show you how to take full advantage of standard Linux commands like ls, cp, and mv, explain inodes and hard and symbolic links, and much more. By the end of this tutorial, you'll have a solid grounding in Linux fundamentals and will even be ready to begin learning some basic Linux system administration tasks.

LPI certification 101 (release 2) exam prep, Part 2 ¹: In this tutorial, you will learn how to use regular expressions to search files for text patterns, how to locate files on your system, and how to take full control of Linux processes. You'll even get a whirlwind introduction to shell pipelines, redirection, and text processing commands. By the end of this tutorial, you'll have a solid grounding in basic Linux administration and will be ready to begin learning more advanced Linux system administration skills in the follow-on tutorial.

LPI certification 101 (release 2) exam prep, Part 3 ¹: In this tutorial we'll introduce you the Linux system documentation. We will teach you how to change permissions and how to manage with Linux accounts. At the end you'll learn how to tune your enviroment.

LPI certification 101 (release 2) exam prep, Part 4 ¹: In this tutorial, we'll introduce all popular filesystem on Linux. We'll teach you how to mount and unmount devices. In next chapter you'll know how to boot the system and how to work with runlevels. In next section of this tutorial, we'll introduce filesystem quotas, we will teach you how to set them and how to configure them. By the end of this tutorial you'll know a system logs.

Partitioning in action, Part 1 ¹: In this new series of tips, Daniel Robbins shows you how to change partition layout on a running system. He'll also cover several tricks of the trade to minimize downtime and avoid making costly mistakes. In this particular tip, he'll show you how to move /home to another partition.

Partitioning in action, Part 2 ¹: In this second tip on changing partition layout on a running system, Daniel Robbins shows you how to move /tmp and /var to their own shared partition. He also covers several tricks of the trade to minimize downtime and avoid making costly mistakes.

Partition planning tips ¹: Organizing your partitions correctly can be fun and rewarding. This collection of tips will help you to use those sectors wisely.

Maximum swappage ¹: Learn how to improve the swap performance on your Linux server by several orders of magnitude. Author Daniel Robbins takes you through this quick tip on getting the most from your server.

学习Linux LVM,第1部分: 在本文中,Daniel向您介绍了Linux LVM(逻辑卷管理)背后的概念,并告诉您如何将最新的内核补丁和工具安装到您的系统上。LVM可以让您在除机器上的物理存储资源以外创建逻辑卷。不过,与物理卷不同,逻辑卷可以在系统仍处于运行状态时扩充和缩减,这样就为Linux系统管理员提供了他们梦寐以求的存储器灵活性。

学习Linux LVM,第2部分: 在本文中,Daniel向您介绍了Linux LVM(逻辑卷管理)背后的概念,并告诉您如何将最新的内核补丁和工具安装到您的系统上。LVM可以让您在除机器上的物理存储资源以外创建逻辑卷。不过,与物理卷不同,逻辑卷可以在系统仍处于运行状态时扩充和缩减,这样就为Linux系统管理员提供了他们梦寐以求的存储器灵活性。

Software RAID in the new Linux 2.4 kernel, Part 1 ¹: In his two-part series on the Linux 2.4 Software RAID, Daniel Robbins introduces the new technology that's used to increase disk performance and reliability by distributing data over multiple disks. This first installment covers Software RAID setup (kernel and tools installation) and shows you how to create linear and RAID-0 volumes.

Software RAID in the new Linux 2.4 kernel, Part 2 ¹: In this two-part series, Daniel Robbins introduces you to Linux 2.4 Software RAID, a technology used to increase disk performance and reliability by distributing data over multiple disks. In this article, Daniel explains what software RAID-1, 4, and 5 can and cannot do for you and how you should approach the implementation of these RAID levels in a production environment. In the second half of the article, Daniel walks you through the simulation of a RAID-1 failed drive replacement.

Compiling the Linux kernel ¹: Daniel Robbins introduces the Linux kernel, and then walks you through locating and downloading sources, configuring the kernel, compiling and installing the kernel, and boot configuration.

Prompt magic ¹: Why stick with the standard boring shell prompt when you can easily make it colorful and more informative? In this tip, Daniel Robbins will show you how to get your shell prompt just the way you like it, as well as how to dynamically update your X terminal's title bar.

OpenSSH key management, Part 1 ¹: In this series, you'll learn how RSA and DSA authentication work, and see how to set up passwordless authentication the right way. In the first article of the series, Daniel Robbins focuses on introducing the RSA and DSA authentication protocols and showing you how to get them working over the network.

OpenSSH key management, Part 2 ¹: Many developers use the excellent OpenSSH as a secure, encrypted replacement for the venerable telnet and rsh commands. One of OpenSSH's more intriguing features is its ability to authenticate users using the RSA and DSA authentication protocols, which are based upon a pair of complementary numerical "keys". One of the main appeals of RSA and DSA authentication is the promise of being able to establish connections to remote systems without supplying a password. In this second article, Daniel introduces ssh-agent (a private key cache) and keychain, a special bash script designed to make key-based authentication incredibly convenient and flexible.

OpenSSH key management, Part 3 ¹: In this third article in a series, Daniel Robbins shows you how to take advantage of OpenSSH agent connection forwarding to enhance security. He also shares recent improvements to the keychain shell script.

Advanced filesystem implementor's guide, Part 8 ¹: With the 2.4 release of Linux come many new filesystem possibilities, including Reiserfs, XFS, GFS, and others. These filesystems sound cool, but what exactly can they do, what are they good at, and exactly how do you go about safely using them in a production Linux environment? Daniel Robbins answers these questions by showing you how to set up these new advanced filesystems under Linux 2.4. In this installment, Daniel continues his look at ext3, a new improved version of ext2 with journaling capabilities. He reveals all the inside information on ext3, and demonstrates some shockingly good ext3 data=journal interactive performance numbers.

DeveloperWorks已发布文章

Dynamic iptables firewalls ¹: Firewalls are good and fun, but what do you do when you need to make rapid, complex changes to your firewall rules? Easy. Use Daniel Robbins' dynamic firewall scripts that are demonstrated in this article. You can use these scripts to increase your network security and responsiveness, and to inspire your own creative designs.

Sed by example, Part 1 ¹: In this series of articles, Daniel Robbins will show you how to use the very powerful (but often forgotten) UNIX stream editor, sed. Sed is an ideal tool for batch-editing files or for creating shell scripts to modify existing files in powerful ways.

Sed by example, Part 2 ¹: Sed is a very powerful and compact text stream editor. In this article, the second in the series, Daniel shows you how to use sed to perform string substitution; create larger sed scripts; and use sed's append, insert, and change line commands.

Sed by example, Part 3 ¹: In this conclusion of the sed series, Daniel Robbins gives you a true taste of the power of sed. After introducing a handful of essential sed scripts, he'll demonstrate some radical sed scripting by converting a Quicken .QIF file into a text-readable format. This conversion script is not only functional, it also serves as en excellent example of sed scripting power.

Awk实例,第1部分: Awk是一种非常好的语言,同时有一个非常奇怪的名称。在本系列(共三篇文章)的第一篇文章中,Daniel Robbins将使您迅速掌握awk编程技巧。随着本系列的进展,将讨论更高级的主题,最后将演示一个真正的高级awk演示程序。

Awk实例,第2部分: 在这篇awk简介的续集中,Daniel Robbins继续探索awk(一种很棒但有怪异名称的语言)。Daniel将演示如何处理多行记录、使用循环结构,以及创建并使用awk数组。阅读完本文后,您将精通许多awk的功能,而且可以编写您自己的功能强大的awk脚本。

Awk实例,第3部分: 在这篇awk系列的总结中,Daniel向您介绍awk重要的字符串函数,以及演示了如何从头开始编写完整的支票簿结算程序。在这个过程中,您将学习如何编写自己的函数,并使用awk的多维数组。学完本文之后,您将掌握更多awk经验,可以让您创建功能更强大的脚本。

POSIX threads explained, part 1 ¹: POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface) threads are a great way to increase the responsiveness and performance of your code. In this series, Daniel Robbins shows you exactly how to use threads in your code. A lot of behind-the-scenes details are covered, so by the end of this series you'll really be ready to create your own multithreaded programs.

POSIX threads explained, part 2 ¹: POSIX threads are a great way to increase the responsiveness and performance of your code. In this second article of a three-part series, Daniel Robbins shows you how to protect the integrity of shared data structures in your threaded code by using nifty little things called mutexes.

POSIX threads explained, part 3 ¹: In this article, the last of a three-part series on POSIX threads, Daniel takes a good look at how to use condition variables. Condition variables are POSIX thread structures that allow you to "wake up" threads when certain conditions are met. You can think of them as a thread-safe form of signalling. Daniel wraps up the article by using all that you've learned so far to implement a multi-threaded work crew application.

Linux 2.4 stateful firewall design ¹: This tutorial shows you how to use netfilter to set up a powerful Linux stateful firewall.

Advanced Filesystem Implementor's Guide : Introducing ext3 ¹: With the 2.4 release of Linux come a host of new filesystem possibilities, including Reiserfs, XFS, GFS, and others. These filesystems sound cool, but what exactly can they do, what are they good at, and exactly how do you go about safely using them in a production Linux environment? Daniel Robbins answers these questions by showing you how to set up these new advanced filesystems under Linux 2.4. In this installment, Daniel takes a look at ext3, a new improved version of ext2 with journaling capabilities.

Introduction to Samba, Part 1 ¹: Samba is an incredible tool for anyone who uses both Unix and Windows. By implementing the SMB/CIFS protocol for Unix, Samba allows Unix systems to share their resources with standard Windows clients. In this introductory article, Daniel Robbins introduces you to what Samba can do. The focus will be on key concepts. (He'll step you through the setup process in his next article.) By the end of this article, you'll have a good understanding of what Samba does, and how it goes about doing it.

Introduction to Samba, Part 2 ¹: In his previous article, Daniel introduced you to what Samba can do. Now it's time to get it running on your system. In this article, he'll walk you through the process of compiling, installing, and initially configuring Samba (version 2.0.7) so that it works in your environment.

Introduction to Samba, Part 3 ¹: In his previous article, Daniel Robbins guided you through the process of setting up Samba for the first time. Now it's time to configure Samba so that it does everything that you want it to do.

gentoo.org重新设计,第1部分:一个重生的站点: 您是否曾在某个清晨醒来,突然意识到自己开发的那个很酷的小网站实际上并不那么棒?如果是这样,那么您现在找对地方了。在本系列中,Daniel Robbins共享了它在使用诸如XML、XSLT和Python之类的技术重新设计www.gentoo.org网站时得到的经验。在此过程中,您也许还会发现一些优秀的方法适合于您的下一次网站重新设计。在本文中,Daniel创建了一个以用户为中心的行动计划,而且还介绍了pytext,这是一种嵌入式Python解释器。

gentoo.org重新设计,第2部分:一个重生的站点: 您是否曾经在某天清晨醒来,意识到自己的个人开发网站其实并不那么好?如果是这样,那么您现在找对地方了。在本系列中,Daniel Robbins共享了它在使用诸如XML、XSLT和Python之类的技术重新设计www.gentoo.org网站时得到的经验。在此过程中,您也许还会发现一些优秀的方法适合于您的下一次网站重新设计。在这第2部分中,Daniel演示新文档系统并建立了一个日常CVS日志邮件列表。

gentoo.org重新设计,第3部分: 一个重生的站点: 您是否曾在某个清晨醒来,突然意识到自己开发的那个很酷的小网站实际上并不那么棒?如果是这样,别担心,很多人都是这样。在这个系列中,Daniel Robbins将与您共享他用XML、XSLT和Python等技术重新设计www.gentoo.org网站的经验。在这个过程中,您会发现一些用于重新设计 您下一个网站的极佳方法。在本部分中,Daniel从整体上为其网站创建了一副新面孔。

gentoo.org重新设计,第4部分:一个重生的站点: 您是否曾在某个清晨醒来,突然意识到自己开发的那个很酷的小网站实际上并不那么棒?如果是这样,别担心,很多人都是这样。在这个系列中,Daniel Robbins将与您共享他用XML、XSLT和Python等技术重新设计www.gentoo.org网站的经验。在本文中,Daniel完成了到XML/XSLT的转换,修复了一些Netscape 4.x浏览器兼容性错误,并向该站点添加了一个自动生成的“XML更改日志”。

其他文章

Best practices with autotools ¹: This article covers some of the most common errors people make when using autotools and ways to achieve better results.

Linux hardware stability guide, Part 1 ¹: In this article, Daniel Robbins shows you how to diagnose and fix CPU flakiness, as well as how to test your RAM for defects. By the end of this article, you'll have the skills to ensure that your Linux system is as stable as it possibly can be.

Linux hardware stability guide, Part 2 ¹: In this article, Daniel Robbins shares his experiences in getting his NVIDIA TNT graphics card working under Linux using NVIDIA's accelerated drivers. As he does, he'll show you how to diagnose and fix IRQ and PCI latency timer issues -- techniques you can use to ensure that your systems don't experience lock-ups, inconsistent behavior, or data loss.


¹ 未翻译的文件



更新于2014年 10月 19日

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