Gentoo Weekly Newsletter: July 14th, 2003
Gentoo Linux at LinuxTag
Gentoo Linux was at LinuxTag 2003, the largest Linux/Open Source fair in Europe, held at the Conference Center in Karlsruhe, Germany. The convention closed its doors yesterday after four days packed with speeches, workshops, a programming contest and numerous other events in the congress center and its fairly large exhibition hall, competing for media attention only with the beautiful weather (IT journalists were spotted hanging out in the adjacent zoological garden, drinking latte and chasing the peacocks).
The German Gentoo devs, including Michael Imhof, Dan Armak, Hanno Boeck, Sascha Schwabbauer, Lars Weiler, and many others who had manned the Gentoo booth since Thursday, packed up their odd collection of hardware ranging from handheld devices over iBooks to powerful graphics workstations and went home, exhausted but happy about a very successful first display of Gentoo at the LinuxTag. 1000 LiveCDs (LinuxTag edition, sponsored by Millenux, an IBM Germany partner for Linux on s/390 mainframes) were thrown at visitors for free, and were gone so fast that a rotational vigil had to be mounted over the rationed number of copies to be handed out per day. At peak time, 12 resident Gentooists were sharing the available booth space (at a density of almost a dev per square meter), and hundreds of Gentoo users, the occasional visiting dev and many IT professionals dropped by for a chat about new features, organisational questions or to exchange hearty handclasps among people who had only met via mailing lists and Forum threads before. One KDE developer who visited the booth told danarmak that he was going to switch to Gentoo just because because he liked his live CVS KDE ebuilds so much.
The crowd gathering to watch demos of co-exhibitor XINE added to making things look slightly claustrophobic at times, but the general feeling was "the more, the merrier". Tantive's LinuxTag Summary gives a thorough account of the kind of questions the Gentoo devs were most often confronted with. "When will Gentoo be available for the Opteron?" and "No problem doing mass emerges for several machines at a time, but how do I etc-update a large number of workstations afterwards?" were among the typically more business-oriented demands from LinuxTag visitors.
Figure 1.1: Standing in the middle, from left to right, Lars Weiler, Sascha Schwabbauer, Hanno Boeck
Figure 1.2: From left to right, Xine devs Andreas Heinchen and Stefan Holst, Gentoo devs Michael Imhof and Lars Weiler
ViewCVS back up
We're very pleased to announce that ViewCVS, the web-based CVS repository viewer which has been down since the migration of cvs.gentoo.org, is now available again at http://www.gentoo.org/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/, with a significant improvement: the load is spread out over several servers, so users should notice an improved response time.
By inserting invalid characters between ".." attackers can overwrite arbitrary files.
- Severity: High - Remote file overwriting.
- Packages Affected: app-arch/unzip prior to unzip-5.50-r2
- Rectification: Synchronize and emerge unzip, emerge clean.
- GLSA Announcement
A carefully crafted png picture can be used to exploit a buffer overflow in gtksee
and execute arbitrary code on the target machine.
- Severity: High - Remote execution of arbitrary code.
- Packages Affected: media-gfx/gtksee prior to gtksee-0.5.2
- Rectification: Synchronize and emerge gtksee, emerge clean.
- GLSA Announcement
The Cistron RADIUS daemon permits a remote DoS attack with the potential to execute arbitrary code. This is do to an improper
handling of a large NAS-Port attribute which is interpreted by the daemon as a negative number.
- Severity: High - Remote execution of arbitrary code.
- Packages Affected: net-dialup/cistronradius prior to cistronradius-1.6.6-r1
- Rectification: Synchronize and emerge cistronradius, emerge clean.
- GLSA Announcement
The ypserv NIS server could permit a remote DoS attack using a TCP client request that does not respond to the server.
- Severity: Moderate - Remote DoS.
- Packages Affected: net-dns/ypserv prior to ypserv-2.8
- Rectification: Synchronize and emerge ypserv, emerge clean.
- GLSA Announcement
New Security Bug Reports
The following new security bugs were posted in the past two weeks:
Remember, we need you to send us your stories in order to have a story here. Whether interesting, funny, or just plain unbelievable, we'd love to feature your story about Gentoo and you here.
Featured Developer of the Week
Lisa Marie Seelye
Figure 4.1: Lisa Marie Seelye
This week we're featuring Lisa Marie Seelye, who just joined the Gentoo Linux Project a few days ago. She maintains distcc, and has already gotten distcc-2.7.1 into x86 stable and committed 2.8 for testing. She says the life of a maintainer is a simple life: up at the crack of dawn to squash any bugs and to make the life of everyone using Gentoo and distcc a little easier. Lisa came to the project when Seemant Kulleen saw something in the ebuilds and bugs she submitted to Bugzilla, and says that these were selfish contributions - bugs submitted so that things would work for her - but that the awesome beauty is that people are also affected in a positive way and it makes her feel good. Lisa has released a couple of Win32 programs with the source available, but Gentoo is her first 'real' OSS project. A student during the day, Lisa writes PHP applications for paying customers to help pay the bills.
A PHP lover, Lisa says her best work is a function from a PHP project she wrote, that accepts a relative path and then recursively adds every jpeg under it into a database and even makes a thumbnail of each image. Weighing in at a lean 57 lines with comments, Lisa says this taught her how to manipulate stacks in a way she hadn't done before, as well as how to use PHP/Apache functions. Her favorite apps are a mix of Windows and Linux ones: first, she's in love in Trillian, a Win32 native multi-protocol messaging client that she finds compact and easy to use. Second is Opera, which in her opinion is the best web browser and one she'd find hard to surf without. An x86 gal, Lisa uses three computers on a daily basis: her desktop, a 1.2GHz Athlon T-Bird with 640MB RAM, her testing box, a K6-2/400MHz with 128MB RAM and a buggy NIC, and her everything-server, a dual P3 (1GHz and 733MHz) running with a bunch of grsecurity restrictions. She's using 2.4.20-OpenMosix on the first two and 2.4.20-gentoo-r5 on the server. On her desktop, she uses whatever happens to be the latest release of Evolution in ~x86, under a default Gnome installation.
"I have to be me cuz no one else is gonna do it for me." - a friend
Heard in the Community
Last 2.5.x Kernel Out and About
With the imminent arrival of the new stable series and the recent announce that 2.5.75 will be the last 2.5.x series kernel the Gentoo users are getting more and more anxious for this version to become stable. Two Forum threads are dealing with quirks and features of the latest development sources, and the different aspects of how to get the current kernel to a rock-solid 2.6 series:
Mozilla 1.4 Grabbing Attention
The new version of Mozilla has been added to the portage tree just last week, and Gentooists have been busy giving feedback about this new release, features, bugs, compile time errors and whatnot. Check the main threads in the Forums here:
Gentoo Common Menu
Other distributions already make installed desktop applications available in their window manager menus, and in the spirit of a growing desktop orientation of many Gentooists, spikkle now asks about a Gentoo way to implement these common menus across different desktop environments. What is needed to make automatic application additions sufficiently smooth and flexible?
Heads up: Apache2 and MySQL4 moved to stable
Gentoo Linux developer Donny Davies wrote a message to the -user and -dev lists about Apache2 and MySQL4 being marked as stable. This means that, by default, emerging apache or mysql will result in those newer versions installed. If you want to stay with the older ones, the easiest way is to put some entries in /etc/portage/profiles/package.mask, as Ian Truelsen pointed out.
Choosing the Window Manager for your Tastes
Picking your window manager can sometimes be very difficult. Some are feature filled, but may be sometimes bloated. Others may lack some features, but are designed to be lightning fast. User Richard Kilgore posted to the -user list asking for feedback on a window manager that may suit his taste. He preferred it to not be ugly, but accepted keyboard input, as a mouse would not be available. In response, many users recommended xfce4, openbox, even FVWM with themes. Link here.
Problem with NVidia
User Christian Herzyk was having problems with his system and the latest NVidia drivers, version 4340. Symptoms of his system included lockups, or very slow X starting times. Recommended solutions included turning ACPI off, forcing detection of monitors, etc. Link here.
*-doc vs USE="doc"
There seem to be a couple of methods for handling documentation for packages. The very obvious one would be to simply include the documentation in the package itself. However that way eliminates options. So to give the user a choice one could split software and documentation in two, letting him install the docs separately. And of course there is the doc use flag for overall control. Alastair Tse brought it up wondering what would be the gentoo way of doing things.
Gentoo.de Now Recruiting Devs and Translators
Generational handover at Gentoo.de: The oldest non-US Gentoo website, the German www.gentoo.de needs a fresh blood injection to cover for some of the old hands who had to drop their frantic contribution schedule because of the workload in their real world commitments, on the job and in university. Beejay (Benjamin Judas) is coordinating the call for contributors at this Forum thread. Most desperately needed are translators for the Gentoo documentation and news, but also ebuild writers and developers with enough free time on their hands to help things running smoothly at the German Gentoo users group.
Gentoo Games CDs Bundled with Brazilian Linux Magazine
Revista do Linux, a monthly Linux
magazine published by the Brazilian distribution Conectiva, offers a CD with tons of Linux tools and applications in each issue. Documentations, games, new releases, complete distros, the latest kernel source, videos: every week the Revista do Linux readers are presented with an excellent collections of Free Software items, and the July issue now has the GentooGames LiveCD "Return to Castle Wolfenstein - Enemy Territory" bundled to it.
Update: New Gentoo Portugal Coordination Thread in the Forums
As reported last week, the Portuguese Gentooists are setting up their own Gentoo Linux Users Group. António Meireles (aka Datashark), a former Gentoo developer, is now requesting ideas for the setup of a fully fledged user group complete with a website and anything else that might look appropriate. Comments, ideas and suggestions to this forum thread, please.
The following notable packages were updated or added to portage in the last week
The following stable packages were updated or added to portage in the last week
- app-admin/amanda: The Advanced Maryland Automatic Network Disk Archiver
- app-admin/cpu: CPU is an LDAP user management tool written in C and loosely based on FreeBSD's pw(8).
- app-admin/gentoolkit: Collection of unofficial administration scripts for Gentoo
- app-admin/gkrellm: Single process stack of various system monitors
- app-admin/gnomesu: GNOME2 interface to su, previously xsu and xsu2
- app-admin/mirrorselect: Tool to help select distfiles mirrors for Gentoo
- app-admin/prelude-manager: Prelude-IDS Manager
- app-admin/profiler: provides 3D visual representation of file system statistics
- app-admin/usermin: Usermin, a web-based user administration interface
- app-admin/webmin: Webmin, a web-based system administration interface
- app-admin/xsu2: Interface for 'su - username -c command' in GNOME2.
- app-arch/flexbackup: Flexible backup script using perl
- app-cdr/cdrdao: Burn CDs in disk-at-once mode -- with optional GUI frontend
- app-cdr/cdrtools: A set of tools for CDR drives, including cdrecord.
- app-cdr/cdrx: Menu based front-end to mkisofs and cdrecord
- app-cdr/k3b: K3b, KDE CD Writing Software
- app-crypt/gnupg: The GNU Privacy Guard, a GPL pgp replacement
- app-crypt/gpgme: GnuPG Made Easy (GPGME) is a library designed to make access to GnuPG easier for applications.
- app-crypt/seahorse: gnome front end to gnupg
- app-editors/gedit: A text editor for the Gnome2 desktop
- app-emacs/wl: a mail/news reader supporting IMAP4rev1 for emacsen
- app-emulation/atari800: Atari 800 emulator
- app-games/0verkill: A bloody 2D action deathmatch-like game in ASCII-ART
- app-games/adom: Ancient Domains Of Mystery rogue-like game
- app-games/armagetron: armagetron: 3d tron lightcycles, just like the movie
- app-games/avp-cvs: Linux port of Aliens vs Predator
- app-games/bsd-games: collection of games from NetBSD
- app-games/bsd-games-non-free: collection of games from NetBSD
- app-games/castle-combat: A clone of the old arcade game Rampart.
- app-games/cgoban2: A Java client for the Keisido Go Server, and a SGF editor
- app-games/chromium: Chromium B.S.U. - an arcade game
- app-games/dungeon: A linux port of the Dungeon game once distributed by DECUS
- app-games/freedoom: Freedoom - Open Source Doom resources.
- app-games/freedroidrpg: Freedroid - a Paradroid clone
- app-games/freelords: Free Warlords clone
- app-games/ggz-gtk-client: The gtk client for GGZ Gaming Zone
- app-games/ggz-gtk-games: These are the gtk versions of the games made by GGZ Gaming Zone
- app-games/ggz-txt-client: The textbased client for GGZ Gaming Zone
- app-games/gl117: GL-117 is an action flight simulator
- app-games/gnugo: A Go-playing program
- app-games/gtetrinet: Tetrinet Clone for GNOME 2
- app-games/halflife-adminmod: give people admin access (and a looooooot more)
- app-games/halflife-clanmod: tool for Half-Life mods which helps ease admining a server
- app-games/halflife-cstrike: Halflife Counterstrike mod
- app-games/halflife-dpb: Halflife Digital Paintball mod
- app-games/halflife-hlguard: server-side anti-cheat solution for Half-Life and it's many MODs
- app-games/halflife-metamod: plugin manager for Half-Life server
- app-games/halflife-ns: Halflife Natural Selection mod ... kill aliens or marines
- app-games/halflife-server: Halflife Linux Server
- app-games/halflife-steam: client for Valve Software's Steam content delivery program
- app-games/hlstats: real-time player rankings/statistics for half-life
- app-i18n/im-ja: A Japanese input module for GTK2
- app-misc/gramps: Genealogical Research and Analysis Management Programming System
- app-misc/gtktalog: The GTK disk catalog.
- app-misc/jive: Filter that converts English text to Jive, by Adam Douglas
- app-misc/jpilot: Desktop Organizer Software for the Palm Pilot
- app-office/gnucash: A personal finance manager
- app-office/koffice: A free, integrated office suite for KDE, the K Desktop Environment.
- app-office/mrproject: Project manager for Gnome2
- app-sci/gmt: Powerfull map generator
- app-sci/ksimus: KSimus is a KDE tool for simulation, automatization and visualization of technical processes.
- app-sci/lin-seti: A Seti@Home cache manager, cache-compatible with Seti Driver. Can be run as system daemon.
- app-sci/modelsim: VHDL and mixed-VHDL/Verilog simulator
- app-sci/orsa: ORSA Orbital Reconstruction Simulation Algorithym
- app-sci/setiathome: Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) @ home
- app-sci/yacas: very powerful general purpose Computer Algebra System
- app-shells/bash: The standard GNU Bourne again shell
- app-shells/sandboxshell: launch a sandboxed shell ... useful for debugging ebuilds
- app-text/dictd: Dictionary Client/Server for the DICT protocol
- app-text/docbook2X: Tools to convert docbook to man and info
- app-text/epstool: Creates or extracts preview images in EPS files, fixes bounding boxes,converts to bitmaps.
- app-text/gnome-spell: Gnome spellchecking component.
- app-text/gtkspell: spell library for GTK2
- dev-cpp/gnomemm: C++ binding for the GNOME libraries
- dev-cpp/libgnomecanvasmm: C++ bindings for libgnomecanvasmm
- dev-cpp/libxmlpp: C++ wrapper for the libxml XML parser library
- dev-db/pgeasy: An easy-to-use C interface to PostgreSQL.
- dev-db/unixODBC: ODBC Interface for Linux
- dev-java/dom4j: dom4j is an easy to use, open source library for working with XML, XPath and XSLT on the Java platform using the Java Collections Framework and with full support for DOM, SAX and JAXP.
- dev-java/ibm-jre: IBM JRE 1.4.0
- dev-lang/bigwig: a high-level programming language for developing interactive Web services.
- dev-lang/ghc-bin: Glasgow Haskell Compiler
- dev-lang/gprolog: GNU Prolog is a native Prolog compiler with constraint solving over finite domains (FD)
- dev-lang/mono: Mono runtime and class libraries, a C# compiler/interpreter
- dev-lang/nasm: groovy little assembler
- dev-lang/perl: Larry Wall's Practical Extraction and Reporting Language
- dev-lang/python: A really great language
- dev-lang/ruby: An object-oriented scripting language
- dev-lang/ruby-cvs: An object-oriented scripting language
- dev-lang/smarteiffel: GNU Eiffel compiler
- dev-ml/lablgl: Objective CAML interface for OpenGL
- dev-perl/Archive-Tar: A Perl module for creation and manipulation of tar files
- dev-perl/Audio-Tools: Tools required by some Audio modules
- dev-perl/Audio-Wav: Modules for reading & writing Microsoft WAV files.
- dev-util/anjuta: A versatile IDE for GNOME
- gnome-base/bonobo: A set of language and system independant CORBA interfaces
- gnome-base/bonobo-activation: Gnome2 replacement for OAF
- gnome-base/control-center: the gnome2 Desktop configuration tool
- gnome-base/gconf: Gconf
- gnome-base/gdm: GNOME2 Display Manager
- gnome-base/gnome-applets: Applets for the Gnome2 Desktop and Panel
- gnome-base/gnome-common: Some Common files for Gnome2 applications
- gnome-base/gnome-desktop: Libraries for the gnome desktop that is not part of the UI
- gnome-base/gnome-libs: GNOME Core Libraries
- gnome-base/gnome-panel: The Panel for Gnome2
- gnome-base/gnome-print: GNOME printing library
- gnome-base/gnome-session: the Gnome2 session manager
- gnome-base/gnome-vfs: Gnome Virtual Filesystem
- gnome-extra/apotheke: A separate Nautilus view, which gives you detailed information about CVS managed directories.
- gnome-extra/at-poke: the accessibility poking tool
- gnome-extra/at-spi: This is the Gnome Accessibility Toolkit
- gnome-extra/bonobo-conf: Bonobo Configuration System
- gnome-extra/gal: The Gnome Application Libraries
- media-fonts/kochi-substitute: Kochi Japanese TrueType fonts with Wadalab Fonts
- media-gfx/aview: An ASCII Image Viewer
- media-plugins/alsa-xmms: XMMS output plugin for ALSA 0.9*. Supports surround 4.0 output with conversion.
- media-plugins/hayes: A filesystem-based Playlist for Noatun 2.0
- media-plugins/mythgallery: Gallery and slideshow module for MythTV.
- media-plugins/mythgame: Game emulator module for MythTV.
- media-plugins/mythmusic: Music player module for MythTV.
- media-plugins/mythvideo: Video player module for MythTV.
- media-plugins/mythweather: Weather forecast module for MythTV.
- media-sound/alsa-driver: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture kernel modules
- media-sound/alsa-tools: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture tools
- media-sound/alsa-utils: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Utils (alsactl, alsamixer, etc.)
- media-sound/ams: Alsa Modular Software Synthesizer
- media-tv/mythtv: Homebrew PVR project.
- media-video/avidemux: Great Video editing/encoding tool. New, gtk2 version
- media-video/avifile: Library for AVI-Files
- media-video/drip: Drip - A DVD to DIVX converter frontend
- media-video/dvdauthor: Tools for generating DVD files to be played on standalone DVD players
- media-video/ffmpeg: Complete solution to record, convert and stream audio and video. Includes libavcodec.
- media-video/gst-player: GStreamer Media Player
- media-video/gxine: GTK+ Front-End for libxine
- net-dialup/cistronradius: An authentication and accounting server for terminal servers that speak the RADIUS protocol.
- net-dialup/gtkterm: A serial port terminal written in GTK+, similar to Windows' HyperTerminal.
- net-firewall/firestarter: GUI for iptables firewall setup and monitor.
- net-firewall/guarddog: Firewall configuration utility for KDE 3
- net-fs/netatalk: kernel level implementation of the AppleTalk Protocol Suite
- net-fs/samba: SAMBA is a suite of SMB and CIFS client/server programs for UNIX
- net-im/bitlbee: Bitlbee is an irc to IM gateway that support multiple IM protocols
- net-irc/ctrlproxy: IRC proxy with multiserver and multiclient support
- net-irc/xchat: X-Chat is a graphical IRC client for UNIX operating systems.
- net-libs/gnet: GNet network library.
- net-libs/openhbci: Implementation of the HBCI protocol used by some banks
- net-libs/openhbci-plugin-ddvcard: Plugin to use DDV cards with openhbci.
- net-libs/openslp: An open-source implementation of Service Location Protocol
- net-libs/soup: Soup is a SOAP implementation
- net-nds/openldap: LDAP suite of application and development tools
- net-nds/yp-tools: Network Information Service tools
- net-nds/ypbind: Multithreaded NIS bind service (ypbind-mt)
- net-nds/ypserv: Network Information Service server
- net-news/pan: A newsreader for the Gnome2 desktop
- net-p2p/freenet: large-scale peer-to-peer network that creates a massive virtual information store open to anyone
- net-p2p/gift-cvs: An OpenFT, Gnutella and FastTrack p2p network client
- net-print/gnome-cups-manager: GNOME CUPS Printer Management Interface
- net-wireless/bluez-sdp: bluetooth service discovery protocol (sdp) utilities
- net-www/apache: Apache Web Server, Version 2.0.x
- sys-apps/baselayout: Base layout for Gentoo Linux filesystem (incl. initscripts and sysvinit)
- sys-apps/debianutils: A selection of tools from Debian
- sys-cluster/lam-mpi: the LAM MPI parallel computing environment
- sys-cluster/pvm: PVM: Parallel Virtual Machine
- sys-cluster/xpvm: XPVM: A graphical console and monitor for PVM
- sys-devel/distcc: a program to distribute compilation of C code across several machines on a network
- sys-devel/gcc: The GNU Compiler Collection. Includes C/C++ and java compilers
- sys-libs/gpm: Console-based mouse driver
- sys-libs/libchipcard: Libchipcard is a library for easy access to chip cards via chip card readers (terminals).
- x11-base/kdrive: Xfree86: famous and free X server. Tiny version (Kdrive)
- x11-base/xfree-drm: Xfree86 Kernel DRM modules
- x11-libs/gtk-sharp: Gtk# is a C# language binding for the GTK2 toolkit and GNOME libraries
- x11-libs/qt: QT
- x11-libs/wxGTK: GTK+ version of wxWindows, a cross-platform C++ GUI toolkit.
- x11-terms/gnome-terminal: The Gnome Terminal
- x11-themes/gnome-icon-theme: Gnome2 default icon themes
- x11-themes/gtk-engines-geramik: GTK+1 and GTK+2 Geramik Theme Engine
Total categories: 86 (no category added in the last week)
Total packages: 4924 (476 packages added in the last week)
The Gentoo community uses Bugzilla (bugs.gentoo.org) to record and track
bugs, notifications, suggestions and other interactions with the development team. Between 27 Jun 2003 and 10 Jul 2003, activity
on the site has resulted in:
- 424 new bugs during this period
- 741 bugs closed or resolved during this period
- 10 previously closed bugs were reopened this period
Of the 3355 currently open bugs: 72 are labeled 'blocker', 135 are labeled 'critical', and 273 are labeled 'major'.
Closed Bug Rankings
The developers and teams who have closed the most bugs during this period are:
New Bug Rankings
The developers and teams who have been assigned the most new bugs during this period are:
Tips and Tricks
This week's tip demonstrates the use of screen which is a
"fullscreen window manager that multiplexes a physical terminal
between several processes." Practically speaking, this just means
you can use screen to start a process in one terminal and check the
output in another.
While there are many options to screen (man screen), this example
demonstrates starting an emerge on a remote box, and then checking on
the process from another machine.
Code Listing 9.1: screen + emerge
# emerge -u mozilla
# Ctrl-A d
Now the screen is detached, open another terminal or ssh session and view
the available screens with screen -list. To reattach to the screen
and check the command's progress, use screen -r.
Code Listing 9.2
# screen -list
There is a screen on:
1 Socket in /var/run/screen/S-david.
# screen -r
This will reattach to the screen and display the output of the emerge
Quote/Signature of the week
Our featured signature for this week comes from Christian Herzyk's post to a thread in gentoo-user about a problem with NVidia drivers: "So now I've got all these floppy-sized archive pieces, and I haven't been able to figure out what program I'm supposed to use to concat--er, never mind." - apparently it's an excerpt from a conversation he had with a friend, early in his UNIX odyssey.
Moves, Adds and Changes
The following developers recently left the Gentoo team:
The following developers recently joined the Gentoo Linux team:
- Takuto Matsuu(matsuu), cjk
- Mamoru Komachi(usata), cjk
- Andrea Barisani(lcars) - infrastructure
- Tim Haynes(piglet) - infrastructure
- Corey Shields(cshields) - infrastructure
- Tim Schafer(srcerer) - exim, dev-java
- Lisa Marie Seelye(lisa), distcc
The following developers recently changed roles within the Gentoo Linux project.
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