amd64 17.1 profiles are now stable

Title: amd64 17.1 profiles are now stable
Author: Michał Górny <>
Posted: 2019-06-05
Revision: 3
News-Item-Format: 2.0
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0/selinux
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/gnome
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/gnome/systemd
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/plasma
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/plasma/systemd
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0/developer
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0/no-multilib
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/13.0/systemd
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/selinux
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/hardened
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/hardened/selinux
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/desktop
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/desktop/gnome
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/desktop/gnome/systemd
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/desktop/plasma
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/desktop/plasma/systemd
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/developer
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/no-multilib
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/no-multilib/hardened
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/no-multilib/hardened/selinux
Display-If-Profile: default/linux/amd64/17.0/systemd

A new set of 17.1 amd64 profiles has been added to the Gentoo
repository in Dec 2017.  These profiles switch to a more standard
'no SYMLINK_LIB' multilib layout, and require explicit migration as
described below.  They are considered stable at the moment, and we would
like to request all users to upgrade their systems.  The old profiles
will be deprecated in the near future.

In the new profiles, the lib->lib64 compatibility symlink is removed.
64-bit libraries need to be installed directly to lib64.  /lib
and /usr/lib become real directories, that are used for cross-arch
and native non-library packages (gcc, clang) and 32-bit libraries
on the multilib profile (which improves compatibility with prebuilt x86

Migration from both 13.0 and 17.0 profiles is supported.  In case
of the former, reading the news item for 17.0 upgrade [1]
is recommended.

The migration is performed using app-portage/unsymlink-lib tool.
The following steps can be used to upgrade your system:

1. Sync and upgrade your system to the newest package versions
   to reduce the risk of issues.

2. If you are still running a 13.0 profile, select gcc 6.4.0 or later
   as the system compiler, source /etc/profile and reinstall libtool:

     # gcc-config -l
     [1] x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-5.5.0 *
     [2] x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-8.3.0
     # gcc-config 2
     # . /etc/profile
     # emerge -1v libtool

3. Install the tool:

     # emerge -1v app-portage/unsymlink-lib

4. Run 'unsymlink-lib --analyze' and check the output for obvious
   mistakes.  If you need to perform any changes to the system, remember
   to run 'unsymlink-lib --analyze' again afterwards.

[past this point do not call emerge or modify /usr manually]

5. This is a very good time to make a backup.

6. Run 'unsymlink-lib --migrate'.  You can add '--pretend' first to see
   what is going to happen.

7. Reboot your system.  Check if important programs work.
   In particular, verify that e.g. 'emerge --info' works (but do not
   install anything).  If you hit any serious problems, you can use
   'unsymlink-lib --rollback' to revert the changes and return to
   step 4.

8. Run 'unsymlink-lib --finish'.  You can add '--pretend' first to see
   what is going to happen but note that you're going to see a very long
   list of files to remove.

9. Switch the profile, e.g.:

     # eselect profile set default/linux/amd64/17.1/desktop

[at this point you can start using emerge again]

10. Rebuild the toolchain:

      # emerge -1v sys-devel/gcc:8.3.0
      [ repeat for other slots you will be using ]
      [ if you are upgrading from 13.0 profile, also: ]
      # emerge -1v sys-devel/binutils
      # emerge -1v sys-libs/glibc

11. If you are using a multilib profile, rebuild all 32-bit packages.
    This can be done using:

      # emerge -1v --deep /lib32 /usr/lib32 /usr/lib/llvm/*/lib32

    Alternatively, if you are switching from one of the 13.0 profiles
    you can rebuild all packages as detailed in the 17.0 news item:

      # emerge -ev @world

12. Once the last 32-bit package is rebuilt, your package manager
    should remove the orphaned /lib32 and /usr/lib32 symlinks.  If that
    does not happen, remove them manually:

      # rm /lib32 /usr/lib32

For known issues, please see bug #506276 [2].  If you have any problems
with the new profiles or the migration procedure, please report a bug
and make it block the tracker.

For more information on the layout, please see the wiki article
on AMD64 multilib layouts [3].